SDG2: End Hunger

Ending hunger, sustainably: what will it take?

We are at a major turning point in history

For the first time ever the world has committed to ending hunger. Not to reduce or halve it—but to end hunger. When world leaders adopted the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) in September 2015, they agreed that this should be done by 2030.

IISD has a rich body of work on strategies to enhance food security and to advance sustainable agriculture. It includes an ambitious project to calculate what donors should be spending to end global hunger and how best to direct these funds.

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How much would it cost to end hunger?

IISD joined forces with the International Food Policy Research Institute (IFPRI) to estimate what it would cost to end hunger, and the contribution that donors need to make.

How do we achieve this?

We estimated what it would cost to ensure that at least 95 percent of the population gets enough calories in a day. We focus on donor-relevant interventions which target food consumption or production and will deliver the bulk of the pay-off by 2030.

Social Safety Nets

Support to consumers through cash transfers and food stamps.

Farm Support

Helping producers through fertilizer and seed subsidies, capital investments (e.g. tractors), R&D, improved technology, extension services and better organizing.

Rural Development

Infrastructure, education, storage, market access and value chains.

What's at stake:

Today nearly 800 million people are hungry: 90 million are children under the age of five (FAO, 2015). Current spending will only bring that down to 600 million people by 2030. Investments in food security need to be scaled up.

Millions of undernourished people

Hunger eliminated in the BAU

Additional people removed by additional interventions

Below the 5% target at national level

2015 situation

Added benefits:

The benefits go far beyond just filling bellies. Not only will there be better educational outcomes and a healthier workforce, but the money spent to end hunger—which includes investments in roads, new technologies and rural infrastructure—will spur much-needed economic development.

An extra USD 5 billion in private investment will be generated every year from the additional public spending.

Where should the money go?

At least 73 countries are expected to still have more than 5 per cent of their population hungry by 2030 if there is no additional spending. 18 of those countries should have enough domestic resources to address the issue independently from donors (for example, China). Africa will need the greatest level of support, particularly Central Africa and South East Africa, where the situation of hunger is exacerbated by conflict. Some countries, such as the Democratic Republic of Congo, South Sudan and Eritrea, will depend on donor support for more than 90 per cent of their public budgets.

Concrete work IISD is doing to end hunger:

IISD is committed to transforming investment in agriculture into a vehicle for strengthening food security and creating decent employment while protecting land rights and responsibly managing natural resources, particularly water.

Our agricultural investment team works directly with officials from developing countries to help them attract the right kind of investment through the development of model contracts, advisory and training services, and research papers which contribute to a broader understanding of the issues.

Our standards team analyzes the booming market for products which comply with voluntary sustainability standards, examines their impacts and explores opportunities for leveraging these market forces.

Learn More:

Report: Promoting Gender Equality in Foreign Agricultural Investments: Lessons from voluntary sustainability standards

Regions: Promoting Gender Equality in Foreign Agricultural Investments: Lessons from voluntary sustainability standards,
Goals: No Poverty, Decent Work & Economic Growth, Gender Equality, Zero Hunger, Peace & Justice Strong Institutions

This report analyzes the gender-related content of five major global agricultural sustainability standards and five principles for responsible investment in agriculture.

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Blog: How Can the SDGs Contribute to Gender Equality?

Regions: How Can the SDGs Contribute to Gender Equality?,
Goals: Gender Equality, No Poverty, Zero Hunger, Good Health & Well-Being, Quality Education, Decent Work & Economic Growth

Today, March 8, 2017, is International Women’s Day, which emphasizes the unfortunately continual struggle for women’s rights, even in the 21st century. Let’s take a look at some of the statistics.

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Briefing Note: Enabling Climate Risk Management Along Agricultural Value Chains: Insights from the rice value chain in Uganda

Regions: Africa
Goals: Zero Hunger, Decent Work & Economic Growth, Climate Action

This briefing note proposes a framework of core functions for climate risk management (CRM) along agricultural value chains and highlights the role of service providers in supporting CRM efforts.

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Briefing Note: Financial Services for Climate-Resilient Value Chains: The case of the Centenary Bank in Uganda

Regions: Africa
Goals: Zero Hunger, Decent Work & Economic Growth

This briefing note presents the results of case study research on financial services and climate risk management along agricultural value chains, focusing on the Centenary Bank’s services to rice value chain actors in Eastern Uganda.

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